Nursing education

 Nursing education Essay

IntroductionВ

TheВ EssentialsВ ofВ BaccalaureateВ EducationВ forВ ProfessionalВ NursingВ PracticeВ providesВ theВ educational frameworkВ forВ theВ preparation ofВ professionalВ healthcare professionals. В ThisВ documentВ describesВ theВ outcomesВ expectedВ ofВ graduatesВ ofВ baccalaureateВ nursingВ programs. В

TheВ EssentialsВ applyВ toВ all preВ­licensureВ andВ RNВ complet ionВ programs, В whetherВ theВ degreeВ isВ baccalaureateВ or graduateВ entry. В ProgramВ curriculaВ areВ designedВ toВ prepareВ studentsВ toВ meetВ theВ endВ­ofВ­programВ outcomesВ delineatedВ underВ each Essent ial. В

BackgroundВ

TheВ healthcareВ deliveryВ systemВ hasВ changedВ dramatically sinceВ TheВ EssentialsВ ofВ BaccalaureateВ EducationВ forВ ProfessionalВ NursingВ PracticeВ wasВ endorsedВ byВ theВ AmericanВ Associat ionВ ofВ CollegesВ ofВ NursingВ (AACN, В 1998). В В BuildingВ aВ saferВ healt hcareВ systemВ hasВ becomeВ t heВ focusВ ofВ allВ healthВ professionsВ followingВ numerousВ reportsВ fromВ theВ InstituteВ ofВ MedicineВ (IOM, В 2000, В 2001, В 2004), В AmericanВ HospitalВ Associat ionВ (2002), В RobertВ WoodВ JohnsonВ FoundationВ (KimballВ & В O'Neill, В 2002), В theВ JointВ CommissionВ (2002)В andВ otherВ authorit ies. В NursingВ hasВ beenВ identifiedВ asВ havingВ theВ potentialВ forВ makingВ theВ biggestВ impactВ on a transformationВ ofВ healthcareВ deliveryВ toВ aВ more secure, В higherВ qualit con, В andВ moreВ costВ­effect iveВ system. В Wit hВ theВ increasingВ awarenessВ ofВ theВ needВ forВ changeВ inВ theВ healthcareВ system, В theВ clinicalВ microsystemsВ (small, В funct ionalВ unitsВ whereВ careВ isВ providedВ withinВ theВ largerВ system)В haveВ becomeВ anВ importantВ focusВ forВ improvingВ healt hcareВ outcomesВ (Nelson, В Batalden, В & В Godfrey, В 2007). В

InВ addit ionВ toВ theВ concernВ overВ healt hcareВ outcomes, В theВ UnitedВ St atesВ andВ theВ globalВ marketВ areВ experiencingВ aВ nursingВ shortageВ thatВ isВ expectedВ toВ intensifyВ asВ theВ demandВ forВ moreВ andВ differentВ nursingВ servicesВ grows. В Buerhaus, В Staiger, В andВ Auerbach (2008)В reportedВ thatВ theВ U. S. may possibly experienceВ aВ shortage ofВ moreВ thanВ 500, 000В registeredВ nursesВ byВ theВ yearВ 2025. В DespiteВ annualВ increasesВ inВ enrollmentsВ inВ entryВ­levelВ baccalaureateВ nursingВ programsВ sinceВ 2001В (Fang, В Htut, В & В Bednash, В 2008), theseВ increasesВ areВ notВ sufficientВ toВ meetВ theВ projectedВ demandВ forВ nurses. В AccordingВ toВ BuerhausВ etВ al. В (2008), В enrollmentВ inВ nursingВ programsВ wouldВ haveВ toВ increaseВ atВ leastВ 40% annuallyВ toВ replaceВ theВ nursesВ expectedВ toВ leaveВ t heВ workforceВ throughВ retirementВ alone. В AddressingВ theВ needВ forВ anВ increasedВ numberВ ofВ baccalaureateВ­preparedВ nursesВ isВ crit icalВ butВ notВ sufficient. В NursingВ mustВ educateВ futureВ professionalsВ toВ deliverВ patientВ­centeredВ careВ asВ membersВ ofВ anВ interprofessional team, В emphasizingВ evidenceВ­basedВ practice, В qualit yВ improvementВ techniques, В andВ informat icsВ (IOM, В 2003b). В NursingВ educationВ andВ practiceВ mustВ workВ togetherВ toВ betterВ alignВ educat ionВ withВ practiceВ environmentsВ (JointВ Commission, В 2002, В Kimball & O'Neill, В 2002; ). В

TheВ environmentsВ inВ whichВ professionalВ nursesВ practiceВ haveВ becomeВ moreВ diverseВ andВ moreВ globalВ inВ nature. В Scient ificВ advances, В particularlyВ inВ theВ areasВ ofВ genet icsВ and genomics, В haveВ hadВ andВ willВ cont inueВ t oВ haveВ aВ growingВ andВ significantВ impactВ onВ prevent ion, В diagnosis, В andВ treatmentВ ofВ diseases, В illnesses, В andВ condit ions. В TheВ increasedВ prevalenceВ ofВ chronicВ illnessВ isВ aВ resultВ ofВ anВ increasinglyВ olderВ adultВ population, В environmentalВ threats, lifestylesВ thatВ increaseВ r iskВ ofВ disease, В andВ enhancedВ technologicalВ andВ therapeut icВ intervent ionsВ thatВ prolongВ life. В IncreasesВ inВ longevit yВ ofВ lifeВ haveВ madeВ theВ olderВ adultВ theВ fastestВ growingВ segmentВ ofВ theВ populat ion. В InВ 2003, В 12В %В ofВ theВ population wasВ olderВ than 65В yearsВ ofВ age. В ByВ 2030, thisВ populat ionВ willВ increaseВ toВ 20%, В withВ aВ largeВ majorit y olderВ than 80В yearsВ ofВ ageВ (He, В Sengupta, В Velkoff, В & В DeBarros, В 2005). В Those olderВ than 65В yearsВ of ageВ hadВ almostВ fourВ timesВ theВ numberВ ofВ hospitalizationВ daysВ thanВ thoseВ youngerВ thanВ 65В yearsВ of...

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